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From:
Ehsan Ahmed <[log in to unmask]>
Reply To:
Pakistani-American Cultural Society <[log in to unmask]>
Date:
Mon, 26 May 2008 21:26:21 -0400
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PAKISTANIS AMONG THE MOST PHILANTHROPIC PEOPLE IN THE U.S.

 Article published Tuesday, May 20, 2008, by Dr. S. Amjad Hussain
http://toledoblade.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?
AID=/20080520/COLUMNIST12/805200315

A CIVIL society depends on the generosity of its citizens for the support 
and strengthening of its basic fabric. Charitable giving adds to the 
beauty and durability of the warp and weft of this fabric. 
 
Americans, considered the world's most generous people, give away $240 
billion a year to charitable causes and a full 75 percent comes not from 
big corporations or foundations but from individual donors. About 86 
percent of American households share their blessings. 
 
America is not a monolith but a sum total of its numerous ethnic groups. 
Among this mosaic is a relatively small group, 500,000 by some 
conservative estimates, who lead the pack in charitable giving. They are 
the Pakistani-Americans. 
There is a general assumption that immigrants in general and recent 
arrivals in particular tend not to give as much or as often as the 
established ethnic groups. 
 
This assumption also considers Pakistanis as more clannish, more inward-
looking and thus not inclined to share their money with others in the 
society. 
 
Not true, says professor Adil Najam, director of the Pardee Center for the 
Study of Long Range Future at Boston University. Mr. Najam shared the 2007 
Nobel Peace Prize with former Vice President Al Gore and the scientists 
who served on Mr. Gore's International Climate Council. 
 
Recently Mr. Najam discussed the findings of an extensive survey of 
Pakistani expatriates in the United States that was published in his 2006 
book, Portrait of a Giving Community: Philanthropy by the Pakistani-
American Diaspora (Published by Global Equity Institute of the Asia Center 
at Harvard University). 
 
Taking the colors and hues from the pallet of his methodical and extensive 
research, Mr. Najam paints a flattering picture of Pakistanis in America. 
 
There are approximately 500,000 people of Pakistani origin in America who 
give away $250 million in cash and kind every year. In addition, they 
contribute more than 43 million hours to volunteer work which, when 
translated in monetary terms, come to $750 million, making the total 
giving an impressive $1 billion. 
Forty percent of this giving goes to charities in Pakistan and an 
additional 20 percent to Pakistani causes in this country. Forty percent 
is donated to causes that have no connection with Pakistan. 
 
In the post 9/11 climate, support of causes in Pakistan has declined 
because of fear of sending money abroad and a relative lack of clarity 
about restrictions on foreign remittances. 
 
The most striking finding, however, was that Pakistani-Americans give 3.5 
percent of their estimated household income to charity, whereas the 
national average in America is 3.1 percent. And yet, the researchers 
found, Pakistani-Americans suffer from what Mr. Najam calls a misplaced 
sense of philanthropic inferiority. 
 
Somehow, Pakistanis believe that they do not give as much as some other 
ethnic communities in America. They also think that people living in 
Pakistan give proportionally more to charities than they do. 
 
The study also found some interesting idiosyncrasies. Most Pakistani 
giving, for example, has a faith-based motivation. Pakistanis also tend to 
give to individuals in need rather than to charitable organizations. This, 
in part, is the result their general distrust of charitable organizations, 
here in the U.S. but particularly in Pakistan. 
 
Though they do appreciate and trust faith-based charitable organizations, 
Pakistanis still prefer to give to individuals rather than to 
organizations. They just have no confidence in the Pakistani government 
and the myriad nongovernmental organizations to use their donated money 
wisely and prudently. 
 
It is a shame that because of historic distrust of the government and 
other organizations, Pakistani-Americans are not helping institution-
building in their native land. Giving to individuals and families in need 
is commendable and gratifying in the short term. One can see the results 
immediately and in real time. But the future direction of a country or 
people is set not by feeding a hungry person but by building and nurturing 
institutions. 
 
I met Mr. Najam last week in Detroit, where he spoke at a fund-raiser for 
the Human Development Foundation. The foundation, based in Chicago, works 
in Pakistan to ameliorate poverty by improving literacy, providing micro-
credit and vocational training for women, and other activities in rural 
and so-called backward areas of the country. In one evening the group, 
true to Mr. Najam's research, raised $250,000. 
 
Philanthropy is an attitude that is not dependent on the amount of wealth 
one has. People give because they want to spread the blessings around for 
the greater good of the society and humanity. Pakistani-Americans, to 
their credit, are trend setters in this arena.

Dr. S. Amjad Hussain is a Toledo surgeon whose column appears every other 
week in The Blade. 
 E-mail him at [log in to unmask] 
 Read more Dr. Hussain columns at www.toledoblade.com/hussain 

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